The Institute for the Coastal Marine Environment of the National Research Council (IAMC-CNR) consists of 6 sections and a marine biology laboratory that traditionally deals with issues related to the marine sciences in particular aspects of biology, chemistry, physics and geology and studies on renewable resources (fisheries and aquaculture) and marine technologies. Among the most representative lines of research are: -aquaculture, with studies on the diversification of livestock species and development of sustainable production systems for marine organisms production; -chemistry, with the development of a modeling of ecological systems subject to anthropic impact and of chemical-analytical methodologies for environmental monitoring; -marine ecology, with studies on transition environments, bioacoustics and behavioral ecology, based on the use of an eco-systemic approach aimed at the spatial management of resources; -microbiology, with studies of microbial ecology and molecular biology, biotechnology and the role of microorganisms in the decomposition of organic matter; -oceanography, with studies of experimental oceanography, numerical modeling, operational systems for the prediction of sea conditions and the management of sea-based emergencies on a regional and coastal scale; -environmentally sustainable fishing, with studies on the evaluation of resources and sustainable management of the capture processes and the impact of fishing on marine ecosystems; -earth and coastal environment sciences, with the study of solid and geodynamic land, sedimentary environments and paleo climate, as well as marine and coastal cartography; -marine technologies, with development of technologies, both hardware and software, dedicated to the entire supply chain, from technological innovation to optimize the fishing effort to the traceability of products to the market. All in a perspective of energy saving and environmental friendliness. These researches, which also have application characteristics, including technological issues, are also associated with training activities that include a doctorate in Marine Sciences and Engineering (Naples) and a degree in Environmental Sciences and Technologies (Mazara del Vallo). The Institute has several modern equipped laboratories, advanced instrumentation for research at sea and several boats.
The IAMC-CNR of Taranto is organized in several laboratories specially equipped in line with the most advanced international instruments for the following topics: microbiology, oceanography, phycology and ecology. The scientific background and the experience of the participants in the project concern marine microbiology, with the study of microbiological accumulation by filter feeder macroinvertebrates (mussels, sponges, polychaetes) and their role in bioremediation. The focus is also on the study of the role of algae as bioremediators of nitrogen and phosphorus. The team is also specialized in the cultivation of algae in order to obtain the optimization of algal biomass production, and in lipid extraction in light of the growth and expansion of the global market of algal biofuels. The IAMC of Taranto has participated in projects funded by the Apulia Region, some in collaboration with the University of Salento (projects PO.IN.T., POR, BIOIMPACT “and ACTIBIOMAR), but also Agency 2000 financed by the CNR: Assessment of the potential of fixation of CO2 in marine biomass for energy production. This experience allowed applicants to obtain encouraging results and highlight how the investigated marine organisms are easily obtainable through farming in polyculture and represent a by-product of bioremediation, with potentially high commercial value.