The main objective of the REMEDIA Life project is to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of an Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system as a way to mitigate the negative environmental effects of aquaculture activities. This innovative fish farming system will be based on a new set of stress-tolerant bio remediators, such as polychaetes and sponges, to give a better bioremediation performance than obtained from commonly-used organisms such as mussels and macroalgae.
At European level, the aquaculture industry, particularly mariculture, is growing strongly with not negligible negative environmental impacts. Therefore new strategies targeted to the reference context in accordance with both the market interests and the Community legislation, in particular the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, are urgently needed to control and minimize the impact of aquaculture activities in the marine environment. In this context REMEDIA aims to two ambitious goals:
Ob. 1 ) Developing an IMTA – Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture system innovative at
European level improving the mitigation of the negative environmental impacts
mariculture activities in confined environment.
The project aims to develop , for the first time at European level, the employment of a fish farming system integrated to a new set of bioremediators such as polychaetes and sponges which have greater bioremediation performances compared to the commonly used organisms (mussels and macroalgae). These organisms are characterized by high tolerance to environmental stress conditions and their efficiency as bioremediators has been already demonstrated by the proponents. The positive results outcome in the previously performed research activity led to the following demonstration phase. The project aims to demonstrate that the developed bioremediation technologies can be successfully applied to an industrial mariculture farm in confined environment with relapses not only in the specific aquaculture field but also in the light of a “farm-to-table” employment of the produced biomass (edible or not), its biotechnological exploitation and an aquaculture ecofriendly management.
Ob. 2) Entrance of the new IMTA system into the market and development of a virtuous
circle which would encourage sustainable mariculture in Europe.
NOTE. Best farming performance (mainly considering the decreasing of microbial load in the farm) and additional economic benefits to the enterprises (related to the diversification of production and the exploitation of non-edible biomass) are expected by the IMTA system. The entrance of the new IMTA
method proposed in REMEDIA and tested in the pilot site, will be promoted throughout stakeholder communication and relationships (from local to European scale) on the environmental benefits and the economic sustainability. These actions will also stimulate policies and directives as well as specific funding.